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Entry: Anaerobic respiration

URI: http://registry.it.csiro.au/def/agriculture/nlmp/Anaerobic-respiration

The metabolic processes in anaerobic life forms that generate ATP by a process that depends on a chemiosmotic mechanism where the ultimate electron acceptor is not oxygen. The reduced product of the electron transport chain is therefore not water. Methanogens in the reticulo-rumen use part of the carbon dioxide that they take up from the growth environment for this purpose; the product of its reduction is methane. Other organisms can use fumarate reductase for ATP production by anaerobic respiration. Fumarate is reduced by NADH to succinate in a redox cycle which achieves charge separation across a membrane and ATP synthesis is driven by dissipation of the chemical potential energy inherent in the electrochemical ion gradient.

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is a Concept
submitted bySimon Cox

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date submitted 10 Aug 2015 10:20:05.103
definition
entity Anaerobic respiration
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description The metabolic processes in anaerobic life forms that generate ATP by a process that depends on a chemiosmotic mechanism where the ultimate electron acceptor is not oxygen. The reduced product of the electron transport chain is therefore not water. Methanogens in the reticulo-rumen use part of the carbon dioxide that they take up from the growth environment for this purpose; the product of its reduction is methane. Other organisms can use fumarate reductase for ATP production by anaerobic respiration. Fumarate is reduced by NADH to succinate in a redox cycle which achieves charge separation across a membrane and ATP synthesis is driven by dissipation of the chemical potential energy inherent in the electrochemical ion gradient.
item class Concept
label Anaerobic respiration
notation Anaerobic-respiration
register nlmp
status status stable
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account name simon.cox@csiro.au
name Simon Cox

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Definition

description The metabolic processes in anaerobic life forms that generate ATP by a process that depends on a chemiosmotic mechanism where the ultimate electron acceptor is not oxygen. The reduced product of the electron transport chain is therefore not water. Methanogens in the reticulo-rumen use part of the carbon dioxide that they take up from the growth environment for this purpose; the product of its reduction is methane. Other organisms can use fumarate reductase for ATP production by anaerobic respiration. Fumarate is reduced by NADH to succinate in a redox cycle which achieves charge separation across a membrane and ATP synthesis is driven by dissipation of the chemical potential energy inherent in the electrochemical ion gradient.
label Anaerobic respiration
type Concept

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