stable

Entry: Aerobic Respiration

URI: http://registry.it.csiro.au/def/agriculture/nlmp/Aerobic-Respiration

This term describes the metabolic processes that generate ATP in association with a chemiosmotic process driven by a respiratory chain that depends on the use of oxygen as the ultimate electron acceptor. Water is the ultimate reduced end product and in animal cells these processes occur in mitochondria where ATP is made by oxidative phosphorylation. In mitochondria, tricarboxylic acid cycle activity and fatty acid oxidation provide most of the reducing equivalents that fuel this process. Amino acids can also serve as oxidisable nutrient substrates in mitochondria after nitrogen removal. Reducing equivalents released by metabolite oxidation reactions in the cytosol can also be shuttled into mitochondria to supply a small proportion of ATP needs.

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is a Concept
submitted bySimon Cox

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date submitted 10 Aug 2015 10:20:04.988
definition
entity Aerobic Respiration
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description This term describes the metabolic processes that generate ATP in association with a chemiosmotic process driven by a respiratory chain that depends on the use of oxygen as the ultimate electron acceptor. Water is the ultimate reduced end product and in animal cells these processes occur in mitochondria where ATP is made by oxidative phosphorylation. In mitochondria, tricarboxylic acid cycle activity and fatty acid oxidation provide most of the reducing equivalents that fuel this process. Amino acids can also serve as oxidisable nutrient substrates in mitochondria after nitrogen removal. Reducing equivalents released by metabolite oxidation reactions in the cytosol can also be shuttled into mitochondria to supply a small proportion of ATP needs.
item class Concept
label Aerobic Respiration
notation Aerobic-Respiration
register nlmp
status status stable
submitter
account name simon.cox@csiro.au
name Simon Cox

type register item
version info 1

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Definition

description This term describes the metabolic processes that generate ATP in association with a chemiosmotic process driven by a respiratory chain that depends on the use of oxygen as the ultimate electron acceptor. Water is the ultimate reduced end product and in animal cells these processes occur in mitochondria where ATP is made by oxidative phosphorylation. In mitochondria, tricarboxylic acid cycle activity and fatty acid oxidation provide most of the reducing equivalents that fuel this process. Amino acids can also serve as oxidisable nutrient substrates in mitochondria after nitrogen removal. Reducing equivalents released by metabolite oxidation reactions in the cytosol can also be shuttled into mitochondria to supply a small proportion of ATP needs.
label Aerobic Respiration
type Concept

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